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Orthodontic Treatment at Pierce Orthodontics

Orthodontics was the first dental specialty dating back to the early 1900s. Since that time, many advances have been made to more efficiently and aesthetically move teeth.

The goal of orthodontic treatment is to move your teeth
into an aesthetically pleasing and functional position.

We look not only at the specific architecture of your best smile, but a stable biting position.

Licensed orthodontists are required to complete many years of specialized training and must pass a written and oral examination in South Carolina to practice. Orthodontics deals exclusively with the correction of, and problems associated with, misaligned teeth, irregular bites, facial growth variations and TMJ dysfunction. Drs. Pierce and Bullwinkel will be working closely with your family dentist to provide you with the best care possible.

Simply put, orthodontics can be boiled down to two words – “push” and “pull.” Light continuous pressure directed at the teeth to safely move them – crown and ROOT – through bone. We can create this “push” and “pull” through a series of clear plastic aligners or by bonding a bracket to the teeth and moving through a series of wires. Moving teeth will make your teeth and mouth sore for a day or two, but should not be painful. Over the last few decades, treatment advances in modern orthodontic care has produced shorter treatment time less discomfort and more affordable orthodontic correction.

At Pierce Orthodontics, we strive to make orthodontics
whether it’s braces or Invisalign as enjoyable as possible!

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Learn More: Orthodontic Treatments

Class I Orthodontic Treatment

One of our goals of treatment is to achieve a “Class I” occlusion. This means that all of the teeth fit together like keys in a well-aligned zipper. Ideally the upper and lower front teeth should touch. Sometimes the back teeth may fit together properly, but the teeth are crooked or the front teeth don’t fit together well. This is called a “Class I malocclusion”.

Image - Class 1 Malocclusion Image: Class 1 Occlusion

Class II Orthodontic Treatment

This occurs when the upper teeth are more forward when compared with the lower teeth creating over jet. Over jet, often mistakenly referred to as overbite, is the distance from the lower front teeth to the upper front teeth. This may be due to mismatch of teeth only, discrepancy in position of the upper and lower jaw or a combination of both.

Image: Overjet or Mismatch of Teeth

Class III Orthodontic Treatment

A Class III occlusion occurs when the lower teeth or more forward when compared with the upper teeth. An underbite often results from this occlusion. Profile characteristics include a “strong lower jaw.” This may be due to a mismatch of teeth only, discrepancy in position of the upper and lower jaw or a combination of both.

Image: A Class III Occlusion or Underbite

Crossbite Orthodontic Treatment

The upper posterior or “back” teeth should be positioned so that they overlap the lower posterior teeth on the side closest to the cheek. If the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth on the cheek side, this is referred to a crossbite. This may be due to a simple misalignment of the teeth or constriction of the upper arch.

Image: Crossbite Orthodontic Treatment Image: Crossbite Orthodontic Treatment

Overbite/Openbite Orthodontic Treatment

Overbite refers to the overlap of the anterior teeth. Ideally the upper front teeth should overlap the lower front teeth between 1-2mm. A deepbite occurs when the upper front teeth “hide” the bottom front teeth. This relationship can result in gingival irritation, lower anterior crowding, and other issues. An openbite occurs when the upper front teeth do not overlap the lower teeth and there is an opening between the teeth. This may result from thumb sucking or other habitual activity that prevents the teeth from erupting into place. Although somewhat uncommon, an openbite may be a result of a skeletal discrepancy or TMJ issue.

Image: Deepbite Image: Openbite

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